Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to various similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but often also for lounging, also by each sexes. Extra frequently, pajamas may perhaps check with various garments, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving versions of style and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Corporation rule in India.
The around the world usage of pajamas (the word plus the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India while in the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of use at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is used by a variety of folks in India e.g. by Ladies of varied courses, by Sikh Adult men, and many by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great lots of others in the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term has become Utilized in London retailers. A pal furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty yrs in the past, in reply to an pidžame issue why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas tend to be termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but within the early twenty-to start with century They may be somewhat rare.
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Modern day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variants in fashion for example quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, zenske pidzame or, from time to time, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various components. Chiefly during the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Usually worn by kids, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for example nightgowns, during the US, they may have occasionally integrated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume major around shorts or short pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps today make reference to Ladies's mixture daywear, especially in the US in which they became well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these involve capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.